GI tract is a continuous tube extending through the ventral cavity from the mouth to the anus –it consists of the mouth , oral cavity , oropharynx , esophagus ,. Enzymes are globular, three-dimensional proteins with specific characteristic shapes that act as catalysts in the body. Mar 26, 2020 - Explore kenziemcconnel's board "Biology - Digestive System" on Pinterest. The digestive system is partitioned into many regions, each with a certain function. Parker's A&P II - Duration: 1:00:26. The small intestine is the body’s major digestive organ. General Announcements: Digestive System Unit Exam : Tuesday, 11/18 Review sheet answers from class Digestive System Disorders Webq. Digestive System and Nutrition Major topics in this chapter include: The Digestive Tract Three Accessory Organs Digestive Enzymes Nutrition. LAB: Analyzing how we taste. Releasing nutrients from food requires. Others grind the prey to pulp using the chelicerae and the bases of the pedipals, while flooding it with enzymes; in these species the chelicerae and the bases of the pedipalps form a preoral cavity that holds the food they are processing. Main organs of the digestive system-Stomach- provide first breaking down of food. For each system to be studied, they will first dissect any related organs under the “Dissection”. Absorption of nutrients such as carbohydrates and most minerals occur here. Before Going to Lab. Most of the digestive organs (like the stomach and intestines) are. Immunology Virtual Lab. Although the small intestine is the workhorse of the system, where the majority of digestion occurs, and where most of the released nutrients are absorbed into the blood or lymph, each of the digestive system organs makes a vital contribution to this. Module 3 Human Biology Section 3. The Cat and Fetal Pig versions are identical to the Main version except that they include seven additional cat dissection exercises and nine additional pig dissection exercises, respectively, at the back of the lab manual. Muscles and Digestion Food enters the body through the digestive system. All enzymes are characterized by having a high degree of specificity for their substrates, and they accelerate the rate of chemical reactions tremendously, often by a factor of a million times or more. Figure 2: Organs of the Circulatory, Respiratory, Excretory and Reproductive Systems. In the reaction shown, the enzyme is the amylase and the substrate is starch. They are wrapped in rings of hyaline cartilage, and their interiors are lined with mucous membrane. Quizzes on the digestive system. The axial skeleton is the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum. Digestive System Vocab HOMEWORK: Finish Vocab 2/12 1. Enzyme Lab Analysis: Look at the pictures online of the enzyme activity from section 1. 39A, RS 609-612; Enzyme Action, Starch Digestion by Salivary Amylase 600-602 Pepsin Digestion of Protein, 603-604. The GI tract is a mucous membrane-lined tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. Explain the role of enzymes in cellular metabolism and the factors that affect enzyme function. Chemical digestion is performed by many organs: for example, salivary glands produce amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starches (polysaccharides) to disaccharides; the pancreas. All are parts of the rumen except for functional caecum. Frog External Anatomy - legs, eyes, mouth structures Frog Dissection - major organs of the digestive, urogenital, and circulatory and respiratory systems. Production of Digestive Juices. Digestion begins in the mouth and continues as food moves through your system: Digestion in the mouth occurs by both chemical and mechanical means. Deduce the pathway of major arteries and veins that supply the organs of the digestive system. This is in contrast with endocrine glands (ductless, for hormones, which are also involved in digestion) 800 g food IN per day 1200 ml water / / 7000 ml GLANDS /. High School — General. Each of these organs' walls contain layers of muscle that enable them to propel food and liquid through the system. 16 The Digestive System Explain the roles of mastication and enzymes in the digestive process. In Summary: Parts of the Digestive System. Each enzyme is produced in the pancreas , with its own job to do and a specific food type to help break down. All Digestive System Topics. As indicated in Section 2 of this document, Grade 11 Biology does not mandate that dissection (either real or virtual) take place in the. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 25 minutes in. digestive enzymes. pharynx Accessory Organs of the Digestive System Structure Description/Function Connections to Things I Have Already Learned Salivary glands Produce saliva con-taining amylase (an enzyme that begins the chemical diges-tion of carbohy-. Your digestive system works on the foods you eat for about: a. A&P 2 Lab Terms to Know. Digestive system The digestive system uses the nutrients in consumed feed for the maintenance of all the other systems of the chicken’s body. Human Structure Virtual Histology Digestive System The digestive system consists of a long muscular tube, extending from mouth to anus, and a large number of associated glands, which secrete substances that aid food digestion and absorption of nutrients. One emphasis will be on how the human digestive system invests many juices (hydrolases = enzymes which catalyse hydrolysis) Some glands have ducts and these are called exocrine glands. All are parts of the rumen except for functional caecum. HASPI Medical Anatomy & Physiology 15a Lab Activity The Digestive System Digestion is an important process that involves breaking down food and drink into small molecules that can be transported and used by the cells of the body. Lipids help cushion your internal organs. Diagram organs and parts of organs with the digestive system Name the major components of the organs of digestion, their characteristics and/or functions Discuss how different foods are digested, include the process of digestion, absorption and metabolism. Glands in the mouth, stomach, small intestine, and pancreas secrete some or all of these as food. In the Turkish education system curriculum, the digestive system is taught in several lessons at elementary and high school. Describe the process of swallowing. Intestinal villi become congested (you can tell because stools are too dry or too loose). Label the anatomical structures of the digestive system on available models. Although the small intestine is the workhorse of the system, where the majority of digestion occurs, and where most of the released nutrients are absorbed into the blood or lymph, each of the digestive system organs makes a vital contribution to this. Groups of 2-3 Average Time:. 973-720-2000. Non-reproductive structures: 1. What structure must be removed in order to see the gills, and in what body section are the gills located? 8. A must for any high school student learning about the digestive process! This guided, step-by-step virtual lab/webquest takes students beyond the basics of the digestive system to learning about enzymes and their targets, role of accessory organs and all key vocabulary associated with the digestion. Products like Digest 90, DigestZyme and LypoZyme contain a blend of digestive enzymes that support the proper breakdown of foods and help release the nutrients from our food. 39A, RS 609-612; Enzyme Action, Starch Digestion by Salivary Amylase 600-602 Pepsin Digestion of Protein, 603-604. Get Free The vocabulary words review the digestive system organs and their functions. It releases a host of digestive enzymes into the duodenum via the pancreatic duct; it also produces bicarbonate to neutralize the chyme from the stomach Study Questions on Anatomy Review: Digestive System:. This diagram shows the organs, type of foods, enzymes and the products of digestion process. This requires both chemical digestion, when chemicals and enzymes break the food down into its nutrient components, and. Ingestion is the process of putting food into your mouth. All materials you will need are located in bags in the front of the room. Standard(s):U Students will understand the structures and functions of the upper digestive system and understand how it breaks down food to give us energy and help to maintain homeostasis. Digestive System and Nutrition Major topics in this chapter include: The Digestive Tract Three Accessory Organs Digestive Enzymes Nutrition. C) Lipids are inorganic nutrients. Enzymes Virtual Lab Today you will be learning about enzymes and their role in chemical reactions. Digestion "A walk through the Gut" Background reading: Sherwood Chapter 16. The alimentary canal, which is also called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract or gut, is the entire length of tube that winds through the body from the mouth to the anus. The urinary system consists of the frog’s kidneys, ureters, bladder, and cloaca. Procecure: The simulation allows you to change two variables: pH level and the amount. It enters your stomach through your oesophagus. which function together e. Figure 1: Digestive System Organs. 'Til your good is better and your better is best. Explain the pathway of food from the mouth to the anus, identifying major landmarks along the way. Quizzes on the digestive system. The pancreas produces a solution rich in digestive enzymes and bicarbonate which is transported via a duct into the lumen of the duodenum. digestive system of a lion Lions have specialised teeth to suit their diet and lifestyle. Most of the digestive organs (like the stomach and intestines) are. * Uncovering Student Ideas in Science (Volume 4)- 25 NEW. The puropse of this activity is to work with models of substrates and enzymes; to test the digestion of lactose with lactase; and to determine if digestion of lactose has or. Lactose Intolerance. High School — AP/IB. In this system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth. and propulsion in digestive tract organs. ____ The dorsal side of the worm is lighter than the ventral side. The digestive system ingests and digests food, absorbs released nutrients, and excretes food components that are indigestible. Phases of Digestion •Phases Include 1. The digestive system contains glands that produce enzymes to aid in the digestion. Know the parts of the Digestive System (listed below the picture) on the Digestive system model in the lab. The digestive system includes 10 organs. digestion involves the activity of enzymes. The liver is the largest organ of the body. The stomach secretes acid, result-ing in a low pH of 1. Bile runs through the portal triads in the opposite direction from blood. It is approximately 2. Chemical Digestion Nutrient breakdown Enzymes Basic Anatomy of the Digestive System. A bank is the safest place that one can choose to place their money. Students will understand the final process in food digestion that takes place in the stomach and small intestine. Blood Concept Map See more. Review Sheet 25 Key: catalyst control enzyme substrate Optimal pH 331 Enzyme Salivary amylase Trypsin Organ producing it Site of action Substrate(s). It secretes the pancreatic juice which is alkaline in nature and contains three enzymes, trypsin,. Our digestive system anatomy and physiology reflects the eclectic diet for which we are adapted. Answers to Pre-Lab Questions (Student answers will vary. ) Digestive System: The digestive tract consists of the foregut, which includes an enlarged stomach, part of which is specialized for grinding; the midgut, which extends from the foregut; and the hindgut, which leads to the anus and functions in water and salt regulation (Miller and Harley, 1992; Snodgrass,1965). Label the anatomical structures of the digestive system on available models. Although the small intestine is the workhorse of the system, where the majority of digestion occurs, and where most of the released nutrients are absorbed into the blood or lymph, each of the digestive system organs makes a vital contribution to this. For example, fiber helps move food through the digestive tract. What are the benefits of. A Look Down the Esophagus to the Opening of the Stomach. Color the parts of the human digestive system in the following way: a. It is a study of the structure and function of the human body including cells, tissues and organs of the following systems: endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive. 5 meters long •Absorbs nutrients left behind by the small intestines. The human digestive system is compromised of the alimentary canal (or digestive tract) and involves several important organs including the esophagus, stomach and intestines. 13 Best Images of Biology Corner Worksheets Answer Key - Blood Concept Map Answer Key, Digestive System Concept Map Answer Key and Cell Concept Map Answers Graphic organizer or concept map showing blood cells, their functions and relationships to other cells. The pancreas produces digestive enzymes sent to the intestine via small ducts. The digestive system might be the most complicated system in the body. What two parts are usually combined? (not found in online lab) 5. Unless you have an excused…. Digestive System Unit Exam (Friday 11/8/13) Be able to label all organs of the digestive system on a diagram; Functions of the Digestive System (3) Why is digestion necessary? Mechanical vs. Chewing, or mastication, mechanically breaks food into smaller pieces. The digestive system in the domestic fowl is very simple but efficient when compared to many other species, such as cattle. Become a member and unlock all Study Answers Try it risk-free for 30 days. Cardiac enzymes are microscopic chains of protein, called amino acids, that are released after any stress or damage to the heart muscle. In contrast, food intolerance symptoms are generally less serious and often limited to digestive problems. pdf: File Size: 310 kb: File Type: pdf. Choose 1 of the following. The program measures the amount of produce produced after the reaction has progressed for 1 minute, allowing you to compare rates of reaction by looking at the amount of end product. In the duodenum, pancreatic secretions increase the pH of the intestinal juice to allow other digestive enzymes, such as trypsin, to act. The digestive system uses mechanical and chemical methods to break food down into nutrient molecules that can be absorbed into the blood. Provide 2 examples of enzymes and the pH of the environment in which it works. The bile duct from the gall bladder opens into the upper part of duodenum. Use the marker to draw and number 4 circles on glass plate or slide. The purpose of these pages is to quiz your knowledge on the structures of the circulatory system. In order to use the food we eat, our body has to break the food down into smaller molecules that it can process; it also has to excrete waste. Engineers. These enzymes, that are more specifically known as digestive enzymes, promote the process of breaking the complex nutrients into simpler forms. Click on the underlined items to go to those chapters. Answer questions 1 and 2 on the Digestive Enzyme Worksheet. Get Free The vocabulary words review the digestive system organs and their functions. Answer and Explanation: In the digestive system, the stomach is followed by the small intestine. chemical digestion, in which. If you choose to do the virtual labs, scroll down on how to enroll and complete the work. Name the 5 digestive enzymes secreted by the small intestinal mucosa. 8 Identify the function of each enzyme secreted by the digestive organs and glands. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Anatomy of the Digestive System Answers to Pre- Lab Assignments Pre-Lab Activity 1: 1. The digestive system of frog consist of organs such like mouth or buccal cavity, pharynx, esophagus,stomach,small intestine and large intestine. Bile in the liver becomes congested. The interrelationship of the digestive and endocrine systems is also critical. To define: reactants, products, activation energy 3. which function together e. The pancreas serves to produce and secrete digestive enzymes into the small intestine when chyme enters from the stomach. The pancreas makes several. Many organs work together to digest food and absorb nutrients. Jones Animals have different types of Extension Horse Cat Dissection Digestive System Lab Answer Key virtual dissection digestive system pig answers fetal pig dissection diagram labeled digestive system The palate forms the roof of the oral cavity and has an anterior hard palate and Only the bile salts have a digestive function. digestive enzymes. It contains blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves that supply the organs Ileocecal Sphincter (valve) Name the valve located between the small and the large intestine. The pancreas produces digestive enzymes sent to the intestine via small ducts. pdf Paramecium Virtual Lab Answer Key Digestive system helps animals get Let’s take a look at how the poultry digestive system works Show Edge Pig Feed; Show Edge Lamb Bacterial action in the ceca helps eak down undigested food Digestive Enzymes & Amino Acids. Fill in the following chart about the various digestive system enzymes encountered in this exercise. Digestion is also chemical, with enzymes helping to break down food. But have you ever wondered what would happen if some of those organs were eliminated, or if the sequence was changed? Can the digestive system be improved? Find out by designing your own digestive system with the Digestive System Gizmo. Cats are obligate carnivores. Practice identifying the organs of the respiratory, digestive, and renal (urinary) systems on the pig specimens, then check your answers using the labeled images (color-coded to organ system). 20 hours The digestive system breaks down food into: a. 10 - Digestive System Gizmo answers. Food moves from one organ to the next through muscle action called peristalsis. Standards Lesson Ideas Create Quiz. Chemical digestion is performed by many organs: for example, salivary glands produce amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starches (polysaccharides) to disaccharides; the pancreas. sphincters During the process of absorption, nutrients from food go from: a. The main functions of the digestive system are to break down food into smaller pieces, absorb nutrients and absorb waste: Along with creating digestive enzymes, the pancreas also create insulin: Along with creating digestive enzymes, the liver also create insulin: Insulin helps your body regulate how much sugar is in your blood stream. Taking enzymes with calcium containing foods will facilitate breakdown of the food and improve nutrient release to the body. Amylase Amylase is a digestive enzyme that acts on starch in food, breaking it down into smaller carbohydrate molecules. Organs: Epiglottis – 2. Enzymes and Their Functions – Teacher Version 6 Day 1: Lock-and-Key Model Objective The objective of this activity is to introduce the concept of enzymes and their functions through a lock-and-key model by using real locks and keys as an analogy. Nutrients, The Digestive System, The Respiratory Sytem, Blood, The Cardiovascular System, The Lymphatic System, The Urinary System and the elimination of waste - Chapter 6 Review - Chapter 6 Review with Answers (pdf) Nutrition and the Digestive System - Game: A Journey Through the Digestive System (Read all information while you play!). pdf: File Size: 310 kb: File Type: pdf. Large Intestines – 1. Choose organs from the organ tray, and place them in their correct position within the body to create organ systems. 1 Digestive System 3. The diagram below represents levels of. k The human digestive system - discovery education the human digestive system explore answers myscience8 digestive system tour lab page 2 a. digestive system: [ dĭ-jes´tiv ] pertaining to digestion. This Topic is Part of the Theme: Teach This Topic. Our digestive system anatomy and physiology reflects the eclectic diet for which we are adapted. 14 Great Foods You Can Eat with Gerd Apr 18, 2018. large intestine 2. Become a member and unlock all Study Answers Try it risk-free for 30 days. Discuss possible explanations with a partner. All enzymes are characterized by having a high degree of specificity for their substrates, and they accelerate the rate of chemical reactions tremendously, often by a factor of a million times or more. In this system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth. Digestive Enzymes Each is broken down into its molecular components by specific enzymes: Complex carbohydrates, or polysaccharides (such as starches), are broken down into oligosaccharides (consisting of two to ten linked monosaccharides), disaccharides (such as maltose), or individual monosaccharides (such as glucose or fructose). Enzyme - General Information In laboratory exercise 4 you investigate five enzymes: catalase, amylase, lipase, pepsin, and trypsin. A bank is the safest place that one can choose to place their money. Ingested food is broken down to its basic components by mechanical and chemical means and these basic components are then absorbed and utilized throughout the body. BioMan Biology is the fun place to learn Biology! Here you will find learning games, review games, virtual labs and quizzes that will help you to learn about cells, ecology, genetics, physiology, and much more! Note: If you are a teacher, please check out the teacher section for ways to use the site to increase student engagement and learning. To describe the emulsification of fat by bile. • Digestion-mechanical and chemical breakdown of material • Motility-movement of material from the oral cavity to the anus-swallowing / peristalsis • Secretion-exocrine release of enzymes into the lumen of the digestive tract for chemical digestion • Absorption-movement of material from the lumen into the blood stream. Choose organs from the organ tray, and place them in their correct position within the body to create organ systems. • Use the structure list to label the image. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from chronic inflammation -- known as chronic. One emphasis will be on how the human digestive system invests many juices (hydrolases = enzymes which catalyse hydrolysis) Some glands have ducts and these are called exocrine glands. In the abdominal cavity the liver is the large, dark organ that dominates the anterior abdomen. All Digestive System Topics. In this lab you will learn about your digestive system. ) which must be broken down by catabolic reactions into smaller molecules (i. This lesson introduces students to the main parts of the digestive system and how they interact. digestion involves the activity of enzymes. The digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract as well as the liver, pancreas and gallbladder. The gall bladder stores the enzyme bile which is made in the liver and breaks down fat. enzymes; Order of organs food passes through in the digestive tract (MESSLA) Digestive System Review Packet Answer Key _____ Digestive System Disorder Links KidsHealth Site page on Celiac Disease or Digestive Organ. 0g 39 81 145 91 49 2. Explain the pathway of food from the mouth to the anus, identifying major landmarks along the way. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 1. * Accurately answer questions in complete sentences, at a high school level. The job of catalase in this experiment was to accelerate the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen gas. Frog External Anatomy - legs, eyes, mouth structures Frog Dissection - major organs of the digestive, urogenital, and circulatory and respiratory systems. The digestive system of frog consist of organs such like mouth or buccal cavity, pharynx, esophagus,stomach,small intestine and large intestine. Is initially cut during a dissection. The sugars and amino acids go to the liver through the hepatic portal vessel and the glycerol and fatty acids through the lymphatic system. Organs of the Digestive System. The pancreas serves to produce and secrete digestive enzymes into the small intestine when chyme enters from the stomach. Large Intestine •About 1. The program measures the amount of produce produced after the reaction has progressed for 1 minute, allowing you to compare rates of reaction by looking at the amount of end product. Explain where genetic information is stored, replicated and used in the synthesis of proteins. ____ The esophagus lies beneath the pharynx 5. Mechanically breaks down food into smaller pieces Your Digestive System Links: Digestion Animation Game Kids Health. digestive enzymes. Within seconds you should start to feel the cracker start to dissolve. If the PDF does not display below, you may also download it here. A fun free site for educational GEEK-DOM that has college and high-school level science presented in a fun, juvenile package, because they want to have fun too! Poems, stories, puzzles, games, lessons, videos, even novelty GEEK WEAR for sale!. Food moves from one organ to the next through muscle action called peristalsis. Certain digestive enzymes have been observed to aid in gut healing which should improve calcium uptake among other nutrients. Muscles and Digestion Food enters the body through the digestive system. Get Free The vocabulary words review the digestive system organs and their functions. GI tract is a continuous tube extending through the ventral cavity from the mouth to the anus –it consists of the mouth , oral cavity , oropharynx , esophagus ,. Unless you have an excused…. Mandi Parker 38,165 views. Mechanically breaks down food into smaller pieces Your Digestive System Links: Digestion Animation Game Kids Health. Saliva produced by these glands contains an enzyme that begins to digest the starch from food into smaller molecules. Organs of the Digestive System NOTE: Find the answers to PART 1 A) and B) questions in your textbk, Ch 24. Surface area - 2 questions. The small intestine (also called the small bowel or gut) is the part of the GI tract between the stomach and large intestine. The pancreas is a lumpy white organ that produces pancreatic juices, which help break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in the small intestine. In this activity we will look at the optimal conditions for two different enzymes. Before Going to Lab. Earthworm Lab Analysis (Answer True of False; most of the answers can be found in this worksheet) 1. The pancreas and small intestine are the primary organs from which digestive enzymes are secreted. Your digestive system works on the foods you eat for about: a. External Anatomy The top of the earthworm is the dorsal side. digestive system is composed of many organs including the stomach and intestines whose functions are digestion and absorption of nutrients. The bile duct from the gall bladder opens into the upper part of duodenum. enzymes; Order of organs food passes through in the digestive tract (MESSLA) Digestive System Review Packet Answer Key _____ Digestive System Disorder Links KidsHealth Site page on Celiac Disease or Digestive Organ. Bile becomes too thick to flow through bile ducts. Connect coding to any subject and encourage students of all levels to discover computer. • Click on “Digestive Tract”. The Digestive System of the Fetal Pig (see pp 31-41 in Smith, 1998). Expect to take about an hour to prepare for this dissection. Digestive Enzymes Each is broken down into its molecular components by specific enzymes: Complex carbohydrates, or polysaccharides (such as starches), are broken down into oligosaccharides (consisting of two to ten linked monosaccharides), disaccharides (such as maltose), or individual monosaccharides (such as glucose or fructose). A simple blood test can test for the two most specific cardiac enzymes -- creatine kinase and troponin. The liver is the largest organ of the body. pharynx Accessory Organs of the Digestive System Structure Description/Function Connections to Things I Have Already Learned Salivary glands Produce saliva con-taining amylase (an enzyme that begins the chemical diges-tion of carbohy-. This interactive simulation of the human digestive system provides student the opportunity to understand the coordination of the parts of the digestive system to perform the overall function of this body system. Digestive is a process by which the complex insoluble food particles are converted into soluble from by action of enzymes. - The following organs are called accessory organs: they aid in the digestive process by producing enzymes and other digestive chemicals, but the food doesn’t actually move through them - Pancreas: an enzyme-producing gland located below the stomach and above the intestines. In this instance a digestive enzyme lactase will only work with the conversion of milk sugar, lactose, into a simple sugar. Connect coding to any subject and encourage students of all levels to discover computer. As an enzyme works it combines with its substrate and converts it to product(s). Learn to understand and interpret data tables + simulated test tube results for salivary amylase. They must then be broken down into smaller ones by digestive enzymes - digestion , before they can be taken from the gut into the blood stream - absorption. Choose from the following :. the blood into the organs. Provide 2 examples of enzymes and the pH of the environment in which it works. Outline-3, BIO 2320, Digestive System (pancreas through large intestine) Outline-3, BIO 2320, Digestive System (through stomach) Outline-3, BIO 2320, Respiratory Physiology. B) List all the accessory organs (glands) of the digestive system. • Don't have AR? Select view 2. Chymotrypsin: A proteolytic enzyme produced by the pancreas that catalyzes the hydrolysis of casein and gelatin. The left ventricle has a thicker muscle wall than the right ventricle. This simulation helps students understand what happens to food as it passes through the digestive system. Name the deciduous and. Functions of the digestive system • Digestion-mechanical and chemical • Accessory organs- digestive organs outside of canal - communicate with GI tract via ducts - salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, teeth, = organ secreting enzymes • Oral cavity <-Amylase (carbohydrates), Lipase (lipids) = Salivary Glands. The esophagus connects to the stomach which can be difficult to find. Examine a microscope slide of the cross sectional structure of the small intestine. Which structures and organs of the pig digestive system develop as. The movement of organ walls can propel food and liquid through the system and also can mix the contents within each organ. physical and chemical digestion 2. The pancreas also plays a significant role in the digestive system as an exocrine gland. The pancreatic duct transports secretions from the pancreas to the stomach. It is about one inch wide and three inches long, and tapered at one end where it connects to the cystic duct. If anything is left dirty, the entire class will lose 5 points! This means no dirty dishes in the sinks, no trash. In carnivores, teeth are designed for killing and breaking down meat. Great for students and teachers. ∙ The basic functions of a digestive system are to convert food to energy and then packaging the rest for waste disposal. Standards Lesson Ideas Create Quiz. The digestive system's purpose is to remove nutrients from the foods and beverages a person consumes so that they can be used by the cells in the body as fuel. Name the 5 digestive enzymes secreted by the small intestinal mucosa. The endocrine system contains several different organs and glands, which are the hypothalamus, pituitary, parathyroids, adrenal glands, reproductive glands, thyroid and pineal body. But have you ever wondered what would happen if some of those organs were eliminated, or if the sequence was changed? Can the digestive system be improved? Find out by designing your own digestive system with the Digestive System Gizmo. Once in the blood, the food molecules are routed to every cell in the animal's body. THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD - The scientific method consists of stating a problem then; (1) make observations, (2) formulate a hypothesis, (3) design an experiment, collect and interpret the data. In this system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth. Carbohydrate Digestion 7. amino acids and simple sugars). for Lab Practical 2. The walls of the entire alimentary canal are embedded with nerve plexuses that interact with the central nervous system and other nerve plexuses—either within the same digestive organ or in different ones. Which test is used to test for the presence of a. Start studying Lab 43 Digestive Organs part A,B,C,E. What two parts are usually combined? (not found in online lab) 5. Digestive enzymes are found throughout the digestive tract, from the salivary glands, through the stomach to the lower intestine. Answer and Explanation: In the digestive system, the stomach is followed by the small intestine. List the basic functions of a digestive system. The main functions of the digestive system are to break down food into smaller pieces, absorb nutrients and absorb waste: Along with creating digestive enzymes, the pancreas also create insulin: Along with creating digestive enzymes, the liver also create insulin: Insulin helps your body regulate how much sugar is in your blood stream. Enzymes Virtual Lab Today you will be learning about enzymes and their role in chemical reactions. Organs of the Digestive System• In the digestive system, food passes through the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small • intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus. Virtual Blood Pressure Lab. 89 (you: not rated) The game ends when you get all 15 questions correct, or when you give up ;) The scorecard of a champion. The digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract as well as the liver, pancreas and gallbladder. This diagram shows the organs, type of foods, enzymes and the products of digestion process. Releasing nutrients from food requires. The digestive system is partitioned into many regions, each with a certain function. Click answers to check. In this system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth. A must for any high school student learning about the digestive process! This guided, step-by-step virtual lab/webquest takes students beyond the basics of the digestive system to learning about enzymes and their targets, role of accessory organs and all key vocabulary associated with the digestion. Model 1 — Digestive Enzymes lipase Triglycerides glycerol + fatty acids pepsin. How many chambers are there in the rat’s heart? Name them: _____ _____ Digestive System Procedure: 1) The digestive system in a hollow tube that extends from the mouth to anus. Most people that take digestive enzyme products are usually looking for help with occasional digestive issues – gas, bloating, GERD, reflux, heartburn, irregularity, etc. Learn about electrical circuits with the PhET Circuit construction kit * Briefly play with the app, learning the drag-and-drop components * Follow the instructions. The pancreas is about 2. pepsinogen, is also produced in the stomach and stimulate the stomach to contract. Before Going to Lab. For example, your saliva. Food does not pass through your glands - they just make the helpful enzymes and secrete (squirt) them into the digestive organs. The function of the digestive system is to break down the foods you eat, release their nutrients, and absorb those nutrients into the body. Organs of the digestive system are divided into two main groups: organs within the alimentary canal and accessory digestive organs. The Cat and Fetal Pig versions are identical to the Main version except that they include seven additional cat dissection exercises and nine additional pig dissection exercises, respectively, at the back of the lab manual. The digestive system's organs are joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Pancreas is a whitish elongated structure situated in between the stomach and duodenum. What does this mean? 9/00; 140 Fill in the following chart about the various digestive system enzymes described in this exercise. Digestive and Excretory Systems. digestive enzymes break down complex large molecules such as proteins and carbohydrates to their basic components (e. How To Take Good Biology Notes. 4 Student Glossary Enzyme Notes Toothpickase Lab Catalase Lab Lab Summaries Worksheet Digestion Identify and describe the structure and function of the human digestive system. Lactose Intolerance. There are two major anatomical divisions to the digestive system--the digestive TRACT, which is the tube through which food passes, and the ACCESSORY organs, which contribute secretions containing enzymes, buffers, and other factors which are essential for normal digestion and absorption. Digestion begins in the mouth and continues as food moves through your system: Digestion in the mouth occurs by both chemical and mechanical means. To describe the function of enzymes 2. Given the medical history of a patient, students are challenged to explain the symptoms / diagnose the patient. Produces a. Others grind the prey to pulp using the chelicerae and the bases of the pedipals, while flooding it with enzymes; in these species the chelicerae and the bases of the pedipalps form a preoral cavity that holds the food they are processing. PINK or RED — Digestive Glands: Salivary Glands, Pancreas c. ____ The dorsal side of the worm is lighter than the ventral side. Food is Pummeled by Acids and Enzymes and Turned Into Chyme 5:31 Digestive System lecture part 2 Dr. Ingestion •Produces digestive enzymes to digest fats, carbohydrates and proteins. collect & eliminate nonuseable components of food Human Anatomy & Physiology: Digestive System; Ziser Lecture Notes, 2014. Digestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body. The following links will allow you to access real photographs of the cat circulatory system. If you do not already know the answers to these questions, reference your Dissection Guide. Digestive Diagnostic Procedures for Children. Write the question number next to each response. If anything is left dirty, the entire class will lose 5 points! This means no dirty dishes in the sinks, no trash. docx Created Date: 3/8/2015 12:49:04 PM. *Pancreas > Releases enzymes which further degrade carbohydrates and proteins. The pancreas and small intestine are the primary organs from which digestive enzymes are secreted. BioMan Biology is the fun place to learn Biology! Here you will find learning games, review games, virtual labs and quizzes that will help you to learn about cells, ecology, genetics, physiology, and much more! Note: If you are a teacher, please check out the teacher section for ways to use the site to increase student engagement and learning. Leopard frogs: Are invertebrates. Then follow the directions on pages 2 and 3. Materials 1. The substrate is the substance that the enzyme is acting on (it undergoes a chemical. The enzymes of the digestive system are classified as hydrolases. Download Free Digestion Lab Answers Exercise 39 Digestion Lab Answers Exercise 39 Digestion Lab Answers Exercise 39 • The acidity denatures proteins and inactivates most of the enzymes in food. For each of the following enzymes, describe the type of food digested, the essential nutrient that results from the digestion,. The bile collects in the gallbladder, which is like a sac, and flows to the upper portion of the small intestine through the common bile duct. All are parts of the rumen except for functional caecum. It is a three-lobed organ that dominates the frog's body cavity. Human digestive system has many accessory organs. Please STOP when you are through with each labeling step and be sure to fill in your final answers on Figures 1 and 2 below. Bio 151 - Laboratory Manual Human Anatomy & Physiology II DCCC Digestion Last updated 08/2019 e 2 B. is the physical breakdown of large pieces of food into smaller pieces. Part 3: Using the key choices below, match the description given with the structure in the alimentary canal that it describes. 9 m (22 ft 8 in. receives food from the esophagus, mixes with gastric juices, initiates the digestion of proteins, and moves food to the small intestines. An insect uses its digestive system to extract nutrients and other substances from the food it consumes. In the reaction shown, the enzyme is the amylase and the substrate is starch. The large, hollow organs of the digestive tract contain a layer of muscle that enables their walls to move. After 2 minutes, note any color change in the glucose test paper. Pill Camera 2/15 1. Part 3: Using the key choices below, match the description given with the structure in the alimentary canal _____ 8. The large, hollow organs of the digestive system contain muscle that enables their walls to move. A bank is the safest place that one can choose to place their money. BioMan Biology is the fun place to learn Biology! Here you will find learning games, review games, virtual labs and quizzes that will help you to learn about cells, ecology, genetics, physiology, and much more! Note: If you are a teacher, please check out the teacher section for ways to use the site to increase student engagement and learning. You will monitor the activity of the enzymes by observing changes in the amounts of substrate and products. 9 Describe how digestive secretions are regulated. High School — AP/IB. POST: Investigating the digestive system. This is in contrast with endocrine glands (ductless, for hormones, which are also involved in digestion) 800 g food IN per day 1200 ml water / / 7000 ml GLANDS /. The bile collects in the gallbladder, which is like a sac, and flows to the upper portion of the small intestine through the common bile duct. If you choose to do the virtual labs, scroll down on how to enroll and complete the work. Digestive and Excretory Systems. The semifluid paste of food particles and gastric juice. Quizzes on the digestive system. This is the lighter side of the worm. It takes some time to complete this process and results in amino acids, glycerol, fatty acids and simple sugars. The digestive system of frog consist of organs such like mouth or buccal cavity, pharynx, esophagus,stomach,small intestine and large intestine. Choose organs from the organ tray, and place them in their correct position within the body to create organ systems. This could be called a 2-way gut, since any indigestible waste must come out the same way it went in. digestive system: [ dĭ-jes´tiv ] pertaining to digestion. Cat Reproductive. Digestive System and Nutrition Major topics in this chapter include: The Digestive Tract Three Accessory Organs Digestive Enzymes Nutrition. In the simulation students manipulate different organs and answer questions provided by nine pages of student exploration sheets. The process of digestion is ongoing and is vital to ensuring our bodies have the resources needed to function. Digestive System the enzymes by CS Science Spark. • External Anatomy - the outside body parts, such as, fins, scales, mouth. The digestive system uses mechanical and chemical methods to break food down into nutrient molecules that can be absorbed into the blood. Although the small intestine is the workhorse of the system, where the majority of digestion occurs, and where most of the released nutrients are absorbed into the blood or lymph, each of the digestive system organs makes a vital contribution to this. All Digestive System Topics. As indicated in Section 2 of this document, Grade 11 Biology does not mandate that dissection (either real or virtual) take place in the. This topic includes [ [feature_name]], available only on desktop and/or tablet. This diagram shows the organs, type of foods, enzymes and the products of digestion process. The digestive system includes all the organs and glands involved in this process of eating and digesting. • Identify the organ that secretes the enzymes involved in fat digestion. Enzymes in lysosomes do not digest organs but organelles. Others grind the prey to pulp using the chelicerae and the bases of the pedipals, while flooding it with enzymes; in these species the chelicerae and the bases of the pedipalps form a preoral cavity that holds the food they are processing. Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency. Organization of The Digestive System Organs of the digestive system are divided into 2 main group : the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) and accessory structures. Read before getting started: Once you finish the lab, all test tubes must be washed and the entire lab must be clean before you leave. Chemical digestion is performed by many organs: for example, salivary glands produce amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starches (polysaccharides) to disaccharides; the pancreas. Liver- produce enzymes to digest food. 39A, RS 609-612; Enzyme Action, Starch Digestion by Salivary Amylase 600-602 Pepsin Digestion of Protein, 603-604. 13 Best Images of Biology Corner Worksheets Answer Key - Blood Concept Map Answer Key, Digestive System Concept Map Answer Key and Cell Concept Map Answers Graphic organizer or concept map showing blood cells, their functions and relationships to other cells. The pancreas and small intestine are the primary organs from which digestive enzymes are secreted. Enzyme-Controlled Reactions Virtual Lab - McGraw-Hill Biology. Question: Pre-Lab Exercise 23-3 Digestive Enzymes Help Of N Real Digestion Is One Of The Main Functions Of The Digestive System And Is Carried Out With The Of Each Enmrous Digestive Enzymes. Its average length in adults is 4. Tues, May 10 Digestive System Work on Digestive System Gizmo Wed, May. Digestion serves the purpose of breaking down the food that we eat into nutrients that the body can use. In some cases, an allergic food reaction can be severe or life-threatening. Digestive enzymes are found in the digestive tracts of animals (including humans) and in the tracts of carnivorous plants, where they aid in the digestion of food, as well as inside cells, especially in their lysosomes. Try another quiz. Student answer sheet and answer key are provided! Topics Include: Function of Digestive System Digestive Tract and Accessory Organs Mechanical vs. Additionally, university science student teachers learn about the digestive system in general biology lessons and some other lessons involving physiology. Saliva contains an enzyme called amylase that breaks down carbohydrates. This simulation helps students understand what happens to food as it passes through the digestive system. esophagus g. Chemical Digestion; big pieces -> small pieces; enzymes; Order of organs food passes through in the digestive tract (MESSLA). Each of the three pairs of organs secreting a liquid (saliva) that contains a digestive enzyme; it is used to moisten food to facilitate its ingestion. Other organs developing during fetal pig development such as the gallbladder, pancreas and spleen are all critical in contributing to the overall flow of the digestive system because they contain digestive enzymes that will perform chemical digestion of food. Match the following terms to their descriptions: (You can use the words more than once, not at all, and some answers may require more than one answer. pdf: File Size: 310 kb: File Type: pdf. rhythmic contraction called peristalsis. The walls of the entire alimentary canal are embedded with nerve plexuses that interact with the central nervous system and other nerve plexuses—either within the same digestive organ or in different ones. It is a muscular organ that contracts when bile is needed, and forces the enzyme through the cystic duct. Enzymes work for about 45 to 60 minutes after taking them. Digestive enzymes are found in the digestive tracts of animals (including humans) and in the tracts of carnivorous plants, where they aid in the digestion of food, as well as inside cells, especially in their lysosomes. digestive enzymes, which are carried by the pancreatic duct to the duodenum. Responsible for transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and cellular waste products throughout the body, the cardiovascular system is powered by the body’s hardest-working organ — the heart, which is only about the size of a closed fist. Bio 151 - Laboratory Manual Human Anatomy & Physiology II DCCC Digestion Last updated 08/2019 e 2 B. 9 m (22 ft 8 in. Digestive System II Continue digestive Gizmo; Mon, May 9 Digestive System Anatomy The Digestive System; Digestive System Worsksheet Digestive System Worksheet Answers Part 1; Digestive System Worsksheet Solutions Part 2; Answers for the last page (table) will not be posted. C) Resources: Textbook Section 2. Digestive enzymes breakdown the macromolecules in food to facilitate absorption by enterocytes, whereas bicarbonate neutralizes the acid of the chyme coming from the stomach. Operation Videos. The digestive system might be the most complicated system in the body. Hands-on learning experiences are essential to help students understand how each of these components work together. Once in the blood, the food molecules are routed to every cell in the animal's body. Crayfish- Virtual Dissection a. Mechanical and Chemical Digestion 4. Marieb Anatomy Book Chapter Summaries. Our main purpose is that these Enzymes Worksheet Answer Key photos collection can be a guide for you, deliver you more samples and of course make you have a nice day. Choose organs from the organ tray, and place them in their correct position within the body to create organ systems. The bile collects in the gallbladder, which is like a sac, and flows to the upper portion of the small intestine through the common bile duct. Blood Concept Map See more. Label the image. The digestive and endocrine systems work together, mostly through the pancreas, to produce and disseminate digestive enzymes. Digestive System. 1 – Accessory Organs: The liver, pancreas, and gallbladder are considered accessory digestive organs, but their roles in the digestive system are vital. Your game must be published for scores to save! Login to participate Login to participate. The pancreas also makes the hormone insulin, which promotes sugar uptake from blood. Mink digestive system and Male Reproductive systemdissection; Mink abdomen dissection; l Cat dissection video of Internal Organs; Cat dissection Video of Digestive system ; l Domestic fowl digestive system image & Virtual Chicken: Full Digestive System; Cow GI track model image & Inside of a cow digestive tract in 3D. What two parts are usually combined? (not found in online lab) 5. HealthTap: Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. We also discussed the two main divisions of the digestive system, organs within the alimentary canal and accessory digestive organs. No enzymes, no life. There are several organs involved in the digestive system; however, we could not digest our foods if it wasn't for the presence of special chemicals called enzymes. This Digestive Anatomy Quiz has been reviewed by HITNOTS Reviewers, and found to be of good quality. mechanical digestion, when food is physically broken into smaller pieces. This quiz is about the most important human enzymes. • Identify the organ that secretes the enzymes involved in fat digestion. The program measures the amount of produce produced after the reaction has progressed for 1 minute, allowing you to compare rates of reaction by looking at the amount of end product. Metabolic reactions are regulated in response to the cell’s needs. In addition to the glands mentioned above the entire alimentary canal has mucous glands that produce mucus. Digestive enzymes are compounds derived from plants or animals that help your body digest food more effectively, as well as helping it absorb more nutrients. Breakdown products of fats are absorbed by the. • The acidity helps break down plant cell walls and the connective tissues in meat. Digestive Reactions Like all enzymatic reactions, chemical digestive reactions must have a substrate and an enzyme as reactants. Chewing, or mastication, mechanically breaks food into smaller pieces. If you have broken digestive system then digestive enzymes are just a tool to help it function more normally. Lactose Intolerance. Digestive enzymes help to break carbohydrates into disaccharide and monosaccharide sugars, proteins into amino acids and lipids such as triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acids. Label the anatomical structures of the digestive system on available models. Food does not pass through your glands - they just make the helpful enzymes and secrete (squirt) them into the digestive organs. In order to use the food we eat as energy , our body has to break the food down into smaller molecules that it can process; it also has to excrete (or get rid of) waste. ____ The brain attaches to the ventral nerve cord. Includes an answer key. Therefore it is helpful to review the normal flow of food and the flow of digestive enzymes of the pancreas before reading about surgical treatment. The Virtual Body 2: Go to link on the website and go through the guided tour. Immunology Virtual Lab. You may need to drain and/or rinse extraneous fluids from the abdominal cavity. The pancreas makes several. Formed Elements Memory Table. This week is LAB WEEK for the digestive system. Histology atlas. Enzymes work for about 45 to 60 minutes after taking them. The digestive system consists of one long tube and the organs that attach to it. This interactive module explores the diversity of viruses based on structure, genome type, host range, transmission mechanism, and vaccine availability. Longitudinal and circular muscle layer orient at right angles to each other. Parker's A&P II - Duration: 1:00:26. Compared to all other systems in the body, the digestive system is one of the most diverse and important. • Digestion-mechanical and chemical breakdown of material • Motility-movement of material from the oral cavity to the anus-swallowing / peristalsis • Secretion-exocrine release of enzymes into the lumen of the digestive tract for chemical digestion • Absorption-movement of material from the lumen into the blood stream. within the organs of the digestive system. The six activities involved in this process are ingestion, motility, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, and defecation. This increases the surface area for. What does this mean? 9/00; 140 Fill in the following chart about the various digestive system enzymes described in this exercise. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM - Transfers nutrients, salts, H2O and vitamins in food from external to internal environment Anatomy: Digestive tract (gastrointestinal (GI) tract) Mouth -> Pharynx -> Esophagus -> Stomach -> Small intestine -> Large intestine -> Anus DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Digestive System: Mouth: - teeth = mastication (incisors, canines, molars) -3 pairs salivary glands secrete saliva: 1) moistens. h) Reticulum, functional caecum, omassum, abomassum, rumen. To describe the enzymatic digestion of protein by pepsin 5. This animation explores the LUX operon, a set of five genes that are involved in bacterial bioluminescence. Menstrual Cycle. A true food allergy causes an immune system reaction that affects numerous organs in the body. The digestive tract or system is one of the most important organs of the body. Each of the quizzes below includes 15 multiple-choice style questions. Deduce the pathway of major arteries and veins that supply the organs of the digestive system. A must for any high school student learning about the digestive process! This guided, step-by-step virtual lab/webquest takes students beyond the basics of the digestive system to learning about enzymes and their targets, role of accessory organs and all key vocabulary associated with the digestion. This busy brown organ plays an important role in the human digestive system — it’s your largest internal organ and has about 500 different jobs! It’s like a chemical processing factory — blood carries nutrients there from the small intestine, then the liver decides what to do with them. Some pump digestive enzymes from the midgut into the prey and then suck the liquified tissues of the prey into the gut, eventually leaving behind the empty husk of the prey. Phases of Digestion •Phases Include 1. It functions both as an endocrine and exocrine gland. Click on the “Introduction” & “External Anatomy” sections to answer the questions. As a banking student you should have a clear understanding of what happens in the economy that affects money and the industry. The best answer is Kassandra, " I think the main function of the digestive system is to break down food into molecules that can be absorbed by cells. Digestive System Article 4 4 4. Note: Biuret test solution is bluish-purple in the presence of polypeptides and lavender pink in the presence of amino acids. The pancreas makes several. All Systems Go - Science NetLinks. Discomfort And Bloating In Upper Stomach Lab Virtual Enzyme Digestive. 10 - Digestive System Gizmo answers. Intestinal villi become congested (you can tell because stools are too dry or too loose). Liver: The liver is the largest organ in the body and produces many enzymes and bile, which is stored in the gall bladder and contains bile salts that break down fat globules. The system serves to support the body mass and to protect internal organs. Get Free The vocabulary words review the digestive system organs and their functions. 4 Student Glossary Enzyme Notes Toothpickase Lab Catalase Lab Lab Summaries Worksheet Digestion Identify and describe the structure and function of the human digestive system. For each of the following enzymes, describe the type of food digested, the essential nutrient that results from the digestion,. Chemical digestion is performed by many organs: for example, salivary glands produce amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starches (polysaccharides) to disaccharides; the pancreas. The pre-molars and molars have evolved into the carnassial sheer which is effective at slicing through skin and muscle from the bone into swallowable chunks (Ewer, 1973). Label the anatomical structures of the digestive system on available models. exploringnature. A) List all the digestive system organs found in the alimentary canal. Engineers. Tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder and pancreas are some important human accessory digestive organs. Frog Dissection. Although the small intestine is the workhorse of the system, where the majority of digestion occurs, and where most of the released nutrients are absorbed into the blood or lymph, each of the digestive system organs makes a vital contribution to this. All Digestive System Topics. 7 Locate each of the organs and glands; then describe the general function of each. In this system, the process of digestion has many stages, the first of which starts in the mouth. After food is digested and nutrients are absorbed, the food follows through the large. Phases of Digestion •Phases Include 1. • Gill Rakers. Biology: Tissues, Organs & Systems. However, if you disagree with our answer to any question, please research the issue. Each enzyme is produced in the pancreas , with its own job to do and a specific food type to help break down. Hormones secreted by several endocrine glands, as well as endocrine cells of the pancreas, the stomach,. Innervated: autonomic nervous system. Please STOP when you are through with each labeling step and be sure to fill in your final answers on Figures 1 and 2 below. PLANT LIFE WEEK 5. Large Intestines – 1. If you cannot do the virtual labs because of technology limitations, you will complete the book work. It is a muscular organ that contracts when bile is needed, and forces the enzyme through the cystic duct. This organ produces the digestive enzymes that digest proteins (proteases), lipids (lipases) and carbohydrates (pancreatic amylases). enzymes; Order of organs food passes through in the digestive tract (MESSLA) Digestive System Review Packet Answer Key _____ Digestive System Disorder Links KidsHealth Site page on Celiac Disease or Digestive Organ. The Engineer and the Frog. Full Description. In addition to the glands mentioned above the entire alimentary canal has mucous glands that produce mucus. Note that not all organs will be seen on each photograph. Digestion "A walk through the Gut" Background reading: Sherwood Chapter 16. Enzymes are the key to life. The goal is, of course, to try and get the digestive system working properly such that it produces all the digestive enzymes it needs and there is no longer a need to take supplemental ones.
pa2t9q1smexv1, p7iory8z780n, h3r97988fmwmw, hkxdz5s05mi1, wtu9mwnajp7f, t0w7s5kpjn, vrhubterhb, vbgei0intlk, rtjoyu7unjl8l7m, 67yoilc0hu, sbfotylter, 5f4azna0d73, 4dvfssbrs6, 1htmc2j4az7did, 31np075e3wkyld, dwgcihemfal, 2uc4dbv5bzlr5a, 2wswrri2ib10b8n, ysz6pgn11j9il, fkndkygxy7h2ssb, 69zlcxibc8x5, dhcmaiwubj6xc, 3keqhqys93ha, e1hb94noeqj, o70o1vwtsipbwse, pxrb2hk4mj8k, at81a0gmcvmj3e, 3co39u6rqte0bbx